Scientists at the University of Cambridge in England identified abnormal brain structure in the frontal lobe of the brain of cocaine users. In occasional cocaine users, social or physical problems are rare, but scientists insist there is no safe amount of cocaine. As the medical profession came to realize that cocaine was addictive, safer anesthetics were developed. Some people who are trying to stop using cocaine may experience better outcomes from inpatient rehabilitation, especially because cocaine cravings can be intense during withdrawal, and relapse is common. There are a number of complications of cocaine addiction, and they can differ depending on your method of using the drug. Cocaine is a stimulant drug derived from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America.
Two groups of synthetic drugs — synthetic cannabinoids and substituted or synthetic cathinones — are illegal in most states. The effects of these drugs can be dangerous and unpredictable, as there is no quality control and some ingredients may not be known. However, cocaethylene use is linked to a significantly greater risk of sudden death, compared with cocaine alone. The effects generally last between 15 and 30 minutes, but shorter with crack.
When people snort cocaine for a long time, the nose can collapse. Holes can form in the roof of the mouth, and other parts of the face can become damaged. Approximately 5 percent of people who snort the drug will eventually cocaine addiction treatment develop a hole in their nasal septum, the wall of tissue that divides the two sides of the nose. Cocaine can be consumed in several ways, and each method of use comes with its own set of problems and dangers.
Crack is smoked by placing it at the end of the pipe; a flame held close to it produces vapor, which is then inhaled by the smoker. Drug use can have significant and damaging short-term and long-term effects. Taking some drugs can be particularly risky, especially if you take high doses or combine them with other drugs or alcohol. Signs and symptoms of inhalant use vary, depending on the substance.
Physical tolerance to the effects of cocaine can occur after just a few uses. This results in needing more and more of the drug to get the same effect. Tachycardia (rapid heart rate), arrhythmia (irregular heart rate or rhythm), and malignant hypertension (severely high blood pressure) can lead to a heart attack, stroke, or death. Acute kidney failure (rather than slowly deteriorating kidney function) is a life-threatening emergency that’s also common with cocaine overdose. As an individual develops tolerance to cocaine, they also become physically dependent on it.
This effectively destroys some of the cocaine and yields a sharp, acrid, and foul-tasting smoke. Cocaine base/crack can be smoked because it vaporizes with little or no decomposition at 98 °C (208 °F), which is below the boiling point of water. If you’re not ready to approach a health care provider or mental health professional, help lines or hotlines may be a good place to learn about treatment. You can find these lines listed on the internet or in the phone book. People use cannabis by smoking, eating or inhaling a vaporized form of the drug. Cannabis often precedes or is used along with other substances, such as alcohol or illegal drugs, and is often the first drug tried.